The Eastern Christian Contribution to the Theology of Reconciliation: Patristic and Contemporary Ukrainian Perspectives

This article attempts to contribute to the theological view of the Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity (Euromaidan) of 2013-2014 from two perspectives: the teaching of the Eastern Church Fathers on war and peace and the current context of reconciliation in the aftermath of World War II. Eastern Christian tradition continues to influence contemporary intellectuals, scholars, and politicians, especially in Eastern Europe. This tradition has an inherently negative attitude towards the Western theory of “just war” and any murder, even in the context of protecting the homeland, involves penance. On the other hand, in the period after the Second World War in Western and Central Europe, there have been important steps of reconciliation that helped overcome the enemy stereotypes and launch a new era of international cooperation. Unfortunately, in Ukraine, the first and the second perspectives have not received necessary attention in academic discussions, while according to the point of view of the author they can offer concrete steps to address the problems associated with the current Russian-Ukrainian war, the crisis of international law and real prospects for reconciliation.